Categories: geek

RSS - Atom - Subscribe via email

Yay Emacs 2024-01-12: EmacsConf 2023 report, SVG animation, Embark, Org Mode links

| yay-emacs, emacs

For this livestream, I experimented with scheduling it for 8:00 AM EST instead of just starting it whenever I could squeeze in the time.1 People dropped by! And asked questions! And suggested interesting things! Wow. This could be fun.

I wrote a bunch of blog posts throughout the week and added lots of little videos to them. It was easy to walk through my recent posts and demonstrate things without worrying about (a) accidentally leaking personal information or (b) flubbing things on camera, since apparently my multitasking abilities are on the way down.2 It felt good to go through them and add some more commentary and highlights while knowing that all the details are there in case people want to do a deeper dive.

Here are the links:

I roughly edited the transcript from Deepgram and I uploaded it to YouTube, fixing some bugs in my Deepgram VTT conversion along the way. I think I like having proper transcripts even for ephemeral stuff like this, since it costs roughly USD 0.21 for the 43-minute video and I can probably figure out how to make editing even faster..

New projects are easier to keep working on when they have immediate personal benefits. It's easy for me to keep doing Emacs News every week because I have so much fun learning about the cool things people are doing with Emacs. I think it'll be easy for me to keep doing Yay Emacs livestreams because not only do I get to capture some workflows and ideas in videos, but other people might even tell me about interesting things that could save me time or open up new possibilities. Also, it's worth building up things I love.

I'm going to try scheduling another stream for next Sunday (Jan 21) at 7:30 AM EST. Maybe I can experiment with sharing my screen with the Surface Book or the W530 and then using that computer to stream. We'll see what that's like!



Thanks to the unpredictability of life with a kiddo, scheduling things has been one of my life goals for a while! <laugh> When I created the event, the kiddo was still in her winter-break habit of sleeping in until 10 or 11, so I figured that I had a little time before I needed to call in for her virtual school at 8:45 AM. Of course, that week she decided to start setting her alarm for 7:59 AM so that she could wake up early and have watching time, and she actually started waking up around that time. So for Friday, I woke up earlier (well, the cat woke got me up even earlier) and packed a little breakfast she could have in the living room (since my computer's on a kitchen cabinet)… and that was the one day she snoozed her alarm clock and sleep in. I've scheduled the next stream for 7:30 AM… and she has announced that she wants to set her alarm for 7:30ish. Hmm.


I notice that it can be a little challenging for me to talk and do things at the same time. This is particularly obvious when I'm cubing (brain hiccup at the last step, gotta solve the whole Rubik's cube all over again). It's also why I prefer to record the audio for my presentations separately instead of winging it. =) It could be verbal interference, (very mild, totally expected) age-related cognitive decline (which is a topic I've been meaning to write up my notes on), or my squirrel brain could just have been pretty bad at this all along. Anyway, words or code, sometimes I just gotta pick one. Never mind my laptop's CPU not handling ffmpeg well, my brain's CPU gets high utilization too. That's good, though!

View org source for this post

Animating SVG topic maps with Inkscape, Emacs, FFmpeg, and Reveal.js

| emacs, drawing, org, ffmpeg, video

tldr (2167 words): I can make animating presentation maps easier by writing my own functions for the Emacs text editor. In this post, I show how I can animate an SVG element by element. I can also add IDs to the path and use CSS to build up an SVG with temporary highlighting in a Reveal.js presentation.

Text from the sketch
  • PNG: Inkscape: trace
  • Supernote (e-ink)
  • iPad: Adobe Fresco

Convert PDF to SVG with Inkscape (Cairo option) or pdftocairo)

  • PNG / Supernote PDF: Combined shapes. Process
    1. Break apart, fracture overlaps
    2. Recombine
    3. Set IDs
    4. Sort paths -> Animation style 1
  • Adobe Fresco: individual elements in order; landscape feels natural

Animation styles

  • Animation style 1: Display elements one after another
  • Animation style 2: Display elements one after another, and also show/hide highlights
    • Table: slide ID, IDs to add, temporary highlights -> Reveal.js: CSS with transitions

Ideas for next steps:

  • Explore graphviz & other diagramming tools
  • Frame-by-frame SVGs
    • on include
    • write to files
  • FFmpeg crossfade
  • Recording Reveal.js presentations
  • Use OCR results?

I often have a hard time organizing my thoughts into a linear sequence. Sketches are nice because they let me jump around and still show the connections between ideas. For presentations, I'd like to walk people through these sketches by highlighting different areas. For example, I might highlight the current topic or show the previous topics that are connected to the current one. Of course, this is something Emacs can help with. Before we dive into it, here are quick previews of the kinds of animation I'm talking about:

Figure 1: Animation style 1: based on drawing order

Animation style 2: building up a map with temporary highlights

Getting the sketches: PDFs are not all the same

Let's start with getting the sketches. I usually export my sketches as PNGs from my Supernote A5X. But if I know that I'm going to animate a sketch, I can export it as a PDF. I've recently been experimenting with Adobe Fresco on the iPad, which can also export to PDF. The PDF I get from Fresco is easier to animate, but I prefer to draw on the Supernote because it's an e-ink device (and because the kiddo usually uses the iPad).

If I start with a PNG, I could use Inkscape to trace the PNG and turn it into an SVG. I think Inkscape uses autotrace behind the scenes. I don't usually put my highlights on a separate layer, so autotrace will make odd shapes.

It's a lot easier if you start off with vector graphics in the first place. I can export a vector PDF from the SuperNote A5X and either import it into Inkscape using the Cairo option or use the command-line pdftocairo tool.

I've been looking into using Adobe Fresco, which is a free app available for the iPad. Fresco's PDF export can be converted to an SVG using Inkscape or PDF to Cairo. What I like about the output of this app is that it gives me individual elements as their own paths and they're listed in order of drawing. This makes it really easy to animate by just going through the paths in order.

Animation style 1: displaying paths in order

Here's a sample SVG file that pdfcairo creates from an Adobe Fresco PDF export:

pdftocairo -svg ~/Downloads/subed-audio.pdf ~/Downloads/subed-audio.svg
Sample SVG

Adobe Fresco also includes built-in time-lapse, but since I often like to move things around or tidy things up, it's easier to just work with the final image, export it as a PDF, and convert it to an SVG.

I can make a very simple animation by setting the opacity of all the paths to 0, then looping through the elements to set the opacity back to 1 and write that version of the SVG to a separate file. From how-can-i-generate-png-frames-that-step-through-the-highlights:

my-animate-svg-paths: Add one path at a time. Save the resulting SVGs to OUTPUT-DIR.
(defun my-animate-svg-paths (filename output-dir)
  "Add one path at a time. Save the resulting SVGs to OUTPUT-DIR."
  (unless (file-directory-p output-dir)
    (make-directory output-dir t))
  (let* ((dom (xml-parse-file filename))
         (paths (seq-filter (lambda (e) (dom-attr e 'style))
                            (dom-by-tag dom 'path)))
         (total (length paths))
         (frame-num (length paths))
    (dolist (elem paths)
      (dom-set-attribute elem 'style
                          (dom-attr elem 'style)
    (with-temp-file (expand-file-name (format "frame-%03d.svg" (1+ frame-num)) output-dir)
      (xml-print dom))
    (dolist (elem paths)
      (dom-set-attribute elem 'style
                          (dom-attr elem 'style)
    (dolist (elem paths)
      (with-temp-file (expand-file-name
                       (format "frame-%03d.svg"
                               (- total frame-num))
        (message "%03d" frame-num)
        (dom-set-attribute elem 'style
                           (concat (dom-attr elem 'style)
        (push (list (format "frame-%03d.svg"
                            (1+ (- total frame-num)))
                    (dom-attr elem 'id))
        (setq frame-num (1- frame-num))
        (xml-print dom)))
    (reverse result)))

Here's how I call it:

(my-animate-svg-paths "~/Downloads/subed-audio.svg" "/tmp/subed-audio/frames" t)

Then I can use FFmpeg to combine all of those frames into a video:

ffmpeg -i frame-%03d.svg -vf palettegen -y palette.png
ffmpeg -framerate 30 -i frame-%03d.svg -i palette.png -lavfi "paletteuse" -loop 0 -y animation-loop.gif
Figure 2: Animating SVG paths based on drawing order

Neither Supernote nor Adobe Fresco give me the original stroke information. These are filled shapes, so I can't animate something drawing it. But having different elements appear in sequence is fine for my purposes. If you happen to know how to get stroke information out of Supernote .note files or of an iPad app that exports nice single-line SVGs that have stroke direction, I would love to hear about it.

Identifying paths from Supernote sketches

When I export a PDF from Supernote and convert it to an SVG, each color is a combined shape with all the elements. If I want to animate parts of the image, I have to break it up and recombine selected elements (Inkscape's Ctrl-k shortcut) so that the holes in shapes are properly handled. This is a bit of a tedious process and it usually ends up with elements in a pretty random order. Since I have to reorder elements by hand, I don't really want to animate the sketch letter-by-letter. Instead, I combine them into larger chunks like topics or paragraphs.

The following code takes the PDF, converts it to an SVG, recolours highlights, and then breaks up paths into elements:

my-sketch-convert-pdf-and-break-up-paths: Convert PDF to SVG and break up paths.
(defun my-sketch-convert-pdf-and-break-up-paths (pdf-file &optional rotate)
  "Convert PDF to SVG and break up paths."
  (interactive (list (read-file-name
                      (format "PDF (%s): "
                              (my-latest-file "~/Dropbox/Supernote/EXPORT/" "pdf"))
                      (my-latest-file "~/Dropbox/Supernote/EXPORT/" "pdf")
                      (lambda (s) (string-match "pdf" s)))))
  (unless (file-exists-p (concat (file-name-sans-extension pdf-file) ".svg"))
    (call-process "pdftocairo" nil nil nil "-svg" (expand-file-name pdf-file)
                  (expand-file-name (concat (file-name-sans-extension pdf-file) ".svg"))))
  (let ((dom (xml-parse-file (expand-file-name (concat (file-name-sans-extension pdf-file) ".svg"))))
    (setq highlights (dom-node 'g '((id . "highlights"))))
    (dom-append-child dom highlights)
    (dolist (path (dom-by-tag dom 'path))
      ;;  recolor and move
      (unless (string-match (regexp-quote "rgb(0%,0%,0%)") (or (dom-attr path 'style) ""))
        (dom-remove-node dom path)
        (dom-append-child highlights path)
         path 'style
          (regexp-quote "rgb(78.822327%,78.822327%,78.822327%)")
          (or (dom-attr path 'style) ""))))
      (let ((parent (dom-parent dom path)))
        ;; break apart
        (when (dom-attr path 'd)
          (dolist (part (split-string (dom-attr path 'd) "M " t " +"))
             (dom-node 'path `((style . ,(dom-attr path 'style))
                               (d . ,(concat "M " part))))))
          (dom-remove-node dom path))))
    ;; remove the use
    (dolist (use (dom-by-tag dom 'use))
      (dom-remove-node dom use))
    (dolist (use (dom-by-tag dom 'image))
      (dom-remove-node dom use))
    ;; move the first g down
    (let ((g (car (dom-by-id dom "surface1"))))
      (setf (cddar dom)
            (seq-remove (lambda (o)
                          (and (listp o) (string= (dom-attr o 'id) "surface1")))
                        (dom-children dom)))
      (dom-append-child dom g)
      (when rotate
        (let* ((old-width (dom-attr dom 'width))
               (old-height (dom-attr dom 'height))
               (view-box (mapcar 'string-to-number (split-string (dom-attr dom 'viewBox))))
               (rotate (format "rotate(90) translate(0 %s)" (- (elt view-box 3)))))
          (dom-set-attribute dom 'width old-height)
          (dom-set-attribute dom 'height old-width)
          (dom-set-attribute dom 'viewBox (format "0 0 %d %d" (elt view-box 3) (elt view-box 2)))
          (dom-set-attribute highlights 'transform rotate)
          (dom-set-attribute g 'transform rotate))))
    (with-temp-file (expand-file-name (concat (file-name-sans-extension pdf-file) "-split.svg"))
      (svg-print (car dom)))))

Figure 3: Image after splitting up into elements

You can see how the spaces inside letters like "o" end up being black. Selecting and combining those paths fixes that.

Combining paths in Inkscape

If there were shapes that were touching, then I need to draw lines and fracture the shapes in order to break them apart.

Fracturing shapes and checking the highlights

The end result should be an SVG with the different chunks that I might want to animate, but I need to identify the paths first. You can assign object IDs in Inkscape, but this is a bit of an annoying process since I haven't figured out a keyboard-friendly way to set object IDs. I usually find it easier to just set up an Autokey shortcut (or AutoHotkey in Windows) to click on the ID text box so that I can type something in.

Autokey script for clicking
import time
x, y = mouse.get_location()
# Use the coordinates of the ID text field on your screen; xev can help
mouse.click_absolute(3152, 639, 1)
mouse.move_cursor(x, y)

Then I can select each element, press the shortcut key, and type an ID into the textbox. I might use "t-…" to indicate the text for a map section, "h-…" to indicate a highlight, and arrows by specifying their start and end.

Setting IDs in Inkscape

To simplify things, I wrote a function in Emacs that will go through the different groups that I've made, show each path in a different color and with a reasonable guess at a bounding box, and prompt me for an ID. This way, I can quickly assign IDs to all of the paths. The completion is mostly there to make sure I don't accidentally reuse an ID, although it can try to combine paths if I specify the ID. It saves the paths after each change so that I can start and stop as needed. Identifying paths in Emacs is usually much nicer than identifying them in Inkscape.

Identifying paths inside Emacs

my-svg-identify-paths: Prompt for IDs for each path in FILENAME.
(defun my-svg-identify-paths (filename)
  "Prompt for IDs for each path in FILENAME."
  (interactive (list (read-file-name "SVG: " nil nil
                                     (lambda (f) (string-match "\\.svg$" f)))))
  (let* ((dom (car (xml-parse-file filename)))
         (paths (dom-by-tag dom 'path))
         (vertico-count 3)
         (ids (seq-keep (lambda (path)
                          (unless (string-match "path[0-9]+" (or (dom-attr path 'id) "path0"))
                            (dom-attr path 'id)))
         (edges (window-inside-pixel-edges (get-buffer-window)))
    (my-svg-display "*image*" dom nil t)
    (dolist (path paths)
      (when (string-match "path[0-9]+" (or (dom-attr path 'id) "path0"))
        ;; display the image with an outline
              (my-svg-display "*image*" dom (dom-attr path 'id) t)
              (setq id (completing-read
                        (format "ID (%s): " (dom-attr path 'id))
              ;; already exists, merge with existing element
              (if-let ((old (dom-by-id dom id)))
                     (concat (dom-attr (dom-by-id dom id) 'd)
                             " "
                             ;; change relative to absolute
                             (replace-regexp-in-string "^m" "M"
                                                       (dom-attr path 'd))))
                    (dom-remove-node dom path)
                    (setq id nil))
                (dom-set-attribute path 'id id)
                (add-to-list 'ids id))))
        ;; save the image just in case we get interrupted halfway through
        (with-temp-file filename
          (svg-print dom))))))

Sorting and animating the paths by IDs

Then I can animate SVGs by specifying the IDs. I can reorder the paths in the SVG itself so that I can animate it group by group, like the way that the Adobe Fresco SVGs were animated element by element.

Reordering paths
(my-svg-reorder-paths "~/proj/2023-12-audio-workflow/map.svg"
                      '("t-start" "h-audio" "h-capture" "t-but" "t-mic" "h-mic"
                        "t-reviewing" "h-reviewing"
                        "t-words" "h-words" "t-workflow" "h-workflow"
                        "t-lapel" "h-lapel"
                        "mic-recorder" "t-recorder" "h-recorder"
                        "t-syncthing" "h-sync"
                        "t-keywords" "h-keywords" "t-keyword-types"
                        "t-lines" "h-lines"
                        "t-align" "h-align"
                        "t-org" "h-org" "t-todo" "h-todo" "h-linked"
                        "t-jump" "h-jump"
                        "t-waveform" "h-waveform"
                        "t-speech-recognition" "h-speech-recognition"
                        "t-ai" "h-ai"
(my-animate-svg-paths "~/proj/2023-12-audio-workflow/map-output.svg"
Table of filenames after reordering paths and animating the image
frame-001.svg t-start
frame-002.svg h-audio
frame-003.svg h-capture
frame-004.svg t-but
frame-005.svg t-mic
frame-006.svg h-mic
frame-007.svg t-reviewing
frame-008.svg h-reviewing
frame-009.svg t-words
frame-010.svg h-words
frame-011.svg t-workflow
frame-012.svg h-workflow
frame-013.svg t-lapel
frame-014.svg h-lapel
frame-015.svg mic-recorder
frame-016.svg t-recorder
frame-017.svg h-recorder
frame-018.svg t-syncthing
frame-019.svg h-sync
frame-020.svg t-keywords
frame-021.svg h-keywords
frame-022.svg t-keyword-types
frame-023.svg t-lines
frame-024.svg h-lines
frame-025.svg t-align
frame-026.svg h-align
frame-027.svg arrow
frame-028.svg t-org
frame-029.svg h-org
frame-030.svg t-todo
frame-031.svg h-todo
frame-032.svg h-linked
frame-033.svg t-jump
frame-034.svg h-jump
frame-035.svg t-waveform
frame-036.svg h-waveform
frame-037.svg t-someday
frame-038.svg h-sections
frame-039.svg t-speech-recognition
frame-040.svg h-speech-recognition
frame-041.svg t-ai
frame-042.svg h-ai
frame-043.svg t-summary
frame-044.svg extra

The table of filenames makes it easy to use specific frames as part of a presentation or video.

Here is the result as a video:

(let ((compile-media-output-video-width 1280)
      (compile-media-output-video-height 720))
   (directory-files "~/proj/2023-12-audio-workflow/frames/" t "\\.svg$")
   (expand-file-name "~/proj/2023-12-audio-workflow/frames/animation.webm")

Animation of SVG by paths

The way it works is that the my-svg-reorder-paths function removes and readds elements following the list of IDs specified, so everything's ready to go for step-by-step animation. Here's the code:

my-svg-reorder-paths: Sort paths in FILENAME.
(defun my-svg-reorder-paths (filename &optional ids output-filename)
  "Sort paths in FILENAME."
  (interactive (list (read-file-name "SVG: " nil nil (lambda (f) (string-match "\\.svg$" f)))
                     nil (read-file-name "Output: ")))
  (let* ((dom (car (xml-parse-file filename)))
         (paths (dom-by-tag dom 'path))
         (parent (dom-parent dom (car paths)))
          (nreverse (seq-keep (lambda (path)
                                (unless (string-match "path[0-9]+" (or (dom-attr path 'id) "path0"))
                                  (dom-attr path 'id)))
    (when (called-interactively-p)
      (while ids-left
        (my-svg-display "*image*" dom (car ids-left))
        (let ((current (completing-read
                        (format "ID (%s): "
                                (car ids-left))
                        ids-left nil nil nil nil (car ids-left)))
          (add-to-list 'ids current)
          (setq ids-left (seq-remove (lambda (o) (string= o current)) ids-left)))))
    (if ids ;; reorganize under the first path's parent
          (dolist (id ids)
            (if-let ((node (car (dom-by-id dom id))))
                  (dom-remove-node dom node)
                  (dom-append-child parent node))
              (message "Could not find %s" id)))
          (with-temp-file (or output-filename filename)
            (svg-print dom))))
    (nreverse (seq-keep (lambda (path)
                          (unless (string-match "path[0-9]+" (or (dom-attr path 'id) "path0"))
                            (dom-attr path 'id)))
                        (dom-by-tag dom 'path)))))

Animation style 2: Building up a map with temporary highlights

I can also use CSS rules to transition between opacity values for more complex animations. For my EmacsConf 2023 presentation, I wanted to make a self-paced, narrated presentation so that people could follow hyperlinks, read the source code, and explore. I wanted to include a map so that I could try to make sense of everything. For this map, I wanted to highlight the previous sections that were connected to the topic for the current section.

I used a custom Org link to include the full contents of the SVG instead of just including it with an img tag.

#+ATTR_HTML: :class r-stretch
my-include:~/proj/emacsconf-2023-emacsconf/map.svg?wrap=export html

my-include-export: Export PATH to FORMAT using the specified wrap parameter.
(defun my-include-export (path _ format _)
  "Export PATH to FORMAT using the specified wrap parameter."
  (let (params body start end)
    (when (string-match "^\\(.*+?\\)\\(?:::\\|\\?\\)\\(.*+\\)" path)
      (setq params (save-match-data (org-protocol-convert-query-to-plist (match-string 2 path)))
            path (match-string 1 path)))
      (insert-file-contents-literally path)
      (when (string-match "\\.org$" path)
      (if (plist-get params :name)
          (when (org-babel-find-named-block (plist-get params :name))
            (goto-char (org-babel-find-named-block (plist-get params :name)))
            (let ((block (org-element-context)))
              (setq start (org-element-begin block)
                    end (org-element-end block))))
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (when (plist-get params :from-regexp)
          (re-search-forward (url-unhex-string (plist-get params :from-regexp)))
          (goto-char (match-beginning 0)))
        (setq start (point))
        (setq end (point-max))
        (when (plist-get params :to-regexp)
          (re-search-forward (url-unhex-string (plist-get params :to-regexp)))
          (setq end (match-beginning 0))))
      (setq body (buffer-substring start end)))
      (when (plist-get params :wrap)
        (let* ((wrap (plist-get params :wrap))
               block args)
          (when (string-match "\\<\\(\\S-+\\)\\( +.*\\)?" wrap)
            (setq block (match-string 1 wrap))
            (setq args (match-string 2 wrap))
            (setq body (format "#+BEGIN_%s%s\n%s\n#+END_%s\n"
                               block (or args "")
      (when (plist-get params :summary)
        (setq body (format "#+begin_my_details %s\n%s\n#+end_my_details\n"
                           (plist-get params :summary)
      (insert body)
      (org-export-as format nil nil t))))

I wanted to be able to specify the entire sequence using a table in the Org Mode source for my presentation. Each row had the slide ID, a list of highlights in the form prev1,prev2;current, and a comma-separated list of elements to add to the full-opacity view.

Slide Highlight Additional elements
props-map h-email;h-properties t-email,email-properties,t-properties
file-prefixes h-properties;h-filename t-filename,properties-filename
renaming h-filename;h-renaming t-renaming,filename-renaming
shell-scripts h-renaming;h-shell-scripts renaming-shell-scripts,t-shell-scripts
availability h-properties;h-timezone t-timezone,properties-timezone
schedule h-timezone;h-schedule t-schedule,timezone-schedule
emailing-speakers h-timezone,h-mail-merge;h-emailing-speakers schedule-emailing-speakers,t-emailing-speakers
template h-properties;h-template t-template,properties-template
wiki h-template;h-wiki t-wiki,template-wiki,schedule-wiki
pad h-template;h-pad template-pad,t-pad
mail-merge h-template;h-mail-merge t-mail-merge,template-mail-merge,schedule-mail-merge,emailing-speakers-mail-merge
bbb h-bbb t-bbb
checkin h-mail-merge;h-checkin t-checkin,bbb-checkin
redirect h-bbb;h-redirect t-redirect,bbb-redirect
shortcuts h-email;h-shortcuts t-shortcuts,email-shortcuts
logbook h-shortcuts;h-logbook shortcuts-logbook,t-logbook
captions h-captions t-captions,captions-wiki
tramp h-captions;h-tramp t-tramp,captions-tramp
crontab h-tramp;h-crontab tramp-crontab,bbb-crontab,t-crontab
transitions h-crontab;h-transitions shell-scripts-transitions,t-transitions,shortcuts-transitions,transitions-crontab
irc h-transitions;h-irc t-irc,transitions-irc

Reveal.js adds a "current" class to the slide, so I can use that as a trigger for the transition. I have a bit of Emacs Lisp code that generates some very messy CSS, in which I specify the ID of the slide, followed by all of the elements that need their opacity set to 1, and also specifying the highlights that will be shown in an animated way.

my-reveal-svg-progression-css: Make the CSS.
(defun my-reveal-svg-progression-css (map-progression &optional highlight-duration)
  "Make the CSS.
map-progression should be a list of lists with the following format:
((\"slide-id\" \"prev1,prev2;cur1\" \"id-to-add1,id-to-add2\") ...)."
  (setq highlight-duration (or highlight-duration 2))
  (let (full)
      (lambda (slide)
        (setq full (append (split-string (elt slide 2) ",") full))
        (format "#slide-%s.present path { opacity: 0.2 }
%s { opacity: 1 !important }
                (car slide)
                (mapconcat (lambda (id) (format "#slide-%s.present #%s" (car slide) id))
                           ", ")
                (my-reveal-svg-highlight-different-colors slide)))
I call it from my Org file like this:

#+NAME: progression-css
#+begin_src emacs-lisp :exports code :var map-progression=progression :var highlight-duration=2 :results silent
(my-reveal-svg-progression-css map-progression highlight-duration)

Here's an excerpt showing the kind of code it makes:

<style>#slide-props-map.present path { opacity: 0.2 }
#slide-props-map.present #t-email, #slide-props-map.present #email-properties, #slide-props-map.present #t-properties { opacity: 1 !important }
#slide-props-map.present #h-email { fill: #c6c6c6; opacity: 1 !important; transition: fill 0.5s; transition-delay: 0.0s }#slide-props-map.present #h-properties { fill: #f6f396; opacity: 1 !important; transition: fill 0.5s; transition-delay: 0.5s }
#slide-file-prefixes.present path { opacity: 0.2 }
#slide-file-prefixes.present #t-filename, #slide-file-prefixes.present #properties-filename, #slide-file-prefixes.present #t-email, #slide-file-prefixes.present #email-properties, #slide-file-prefixes.present #t-properties { opacity: 1 !important }
#slide-file-prefixes.present #h-properties { fill: #c6c6c6; opacity: 1 !important; transition: fill 0.5s; transition-delay: 0.0s }#slide-file-prefixes.present #h-filename { fill: #f6f396; opacity: 1 !important; transition: fill 0.5s; transition-delay: 0.5s }

Since it's automatically generated, I don't have to worry about it once I've gotten it to work. It's all hidden in a results drawer. So this CSS highlights specific parts of the SVG with a transition, and the highlight changes over the course of a second or two. It highlights the previous names and then the current one. The topics I'd already discussed would be in black, and the topics that I had yet to discuss would be in very light gray. This could give people a sense of the progress through the presentation.

Code for making the CSS
(defun my-reveal-svg-animation (slide)
    (lambda (step-ids i)
      (format "%s { fill: #f6f396; transition: fill %ds; transition-delay: %ds }"
               (lambda (id) (format "#slide-%s.present #%s" (car slide) id))
               (split-string step-ids ",")
               ", ")
              (* i highlight-duration)))
    (split-string (elt slide 1) ";"))

(defun my-reveal-svg-highlight-different-colors (slide)
  (let* ((colors '("#f6f396" "#c6c6c6")) ; reverse
         (steps (split-string (elt slide 1) ";"))
         (step-length 0.5))
      (lambda (step-ids i)
        (format "%s { fill: %s; opacity: 1 !important; transition: fill %.1fs; transition-delay: %.1fs }"
                 (lambda (id) (format "#slide-%s.present #%s" (car slide) id))
                 (split-string step-ids ",")
                 ", ")
                (elt colors (- (length steps) i 1))
                (* i 0.5)))

(defun my-reveal-svg-progression-css (map-progression &optional highlight-duration)
  "Make the CSS.
map-progression should be a list of lists with the following format:
((\"slide-id\" \"prev1,prev2;cur1\" \"id-to-add1,id-to-add2\") ...)."
  (setq highlight-duration (or highlight-duration 2))
  (let (full)
      (lambda (slide)
        (setq full (append (split-string (elt slide 2) ",") full))
        (format "#slide-%s.present path { opacity: 0.2 }
%s { opacity: 1 !important }
                (car slide)
                (mapconcat (lambda (id) (format "#slide-%s.present #%s" (car slide) id))
                           ", ")
                (my-reveal-svg-highlight-different-colors slide)))

As a result, as I go through my presentation, the image appears to build up incrementally, which is the effect that I was going for. I can test this by exporting only my map slides:

  (goto-char (org-babel-find-named-block "progression-css"))
(let ((org-tags-exclude-from-inheritance "map")
      (org-export-select-tags '("map")))

Ideas for next steps

  • Graphviz, mermaid-js, and other diagramming tools can make SVGs. I should be able to adapt my code to animate those diagrams by adding other elements in addition to path. Then I'll be able to make diagrams even more easily.
  • Since SVGs can contain CSS, I could make an SVG equivalent of the CSS rules I used for the presentation, maybe calling a function with a Lisp expression that specifies the operations (ex: ("frame-001.svg" "h-foo" opacity 1)). Then I could write frames to SVGs.
  • FFmpeg has a crossfade filter. With a little bit of figuring out, I should be able to make the same kind of animation in a webm form that I can include in my regular videos instead of using Reveal.js and CSS transitions.
  • I've also been thinking about automating the recording of my Reveal.js presentations. For my EmacsConf talk, I opened my presentation, started the recording with the system audio and the screen, and then let it autoplay the presentation. I checked on it periodically to avoid the screensaver/energy saving things from kicking in and so that I could stop the recording when it's finished. If I want to make this take less work, one option is to use ffmpeg's "-t" argument to specify the expected duration of the presentation so that I don't have to manually stop it. I'm also thinking about using Puppeteer to open the presentation, check when it's fully loaded, and start the process to record it - maybe even polling to see whether it's finished. I haven't gotten around to it yet. Anyhow, those are some ideas to explore next time.
  • As for animation, I'm still curious about the possibility of finding a way to access the raw stroke information if it's even available from my Supernote A5X (difficult because it's a proprietary data format) or finding an app for the iPad that exports single line SVGs that use stroke information instead of fill. That would only be if I wanted to do those even fancier animations that look like the whole thing is being drawn for you. I was trying to figure out if I could green screen the Adobe Fresco timelapse videos so that even if I have a pre-sketch to figure out spacing and remind me what to draw, I can just export the finished elements. But there's too much anti-aliasing and I haven't figured out how to do it cleanly yet. Maybe some other day.
  • I use Google Cloud Vision's text detection engine to convert my handwriting to text. It can give me bounding polygons for words or paragraphs. I might be able to figure out which curves are entirely within a word's bounding polygon and combine those automatically.
  • It would be pretty cool if I could combine the words recognized by Google Cloud Vision with the word-level timestamps from speech recognition so that I could get word-synced sketchnote animations with maybe a little manual intervention.

Anyway, those are some workflows for animating sketches with Inkscape and Emacs. Yay Emacs!

View org source for this post

Using Embark and qrencode to show a QR code for the Org Mode link at point

Posted: - Modified: | emacs, org

[2024-01-12 Fri]: Added some code to display the QR code on the right side.

John Kitchin includes little QR codes in his videos. I thought that was a neat touch that makes it easier for people to jump to a link while they're watching. I'd like to make it easier to show QR codes too. The following code lets me show a QR code for the Org link at point. Since many of my links use custom Org link types that aren't that useful for people to scan, the code reuses the link resolution code from so that I can get the regular https: link.

(defun my-org-link-qr (url)
  "Display a QR code for URL in a buffer."
  (let ((buf (save-window-excursion (qrencode--encode-to-buffer (my-org-stored-link-as-url url)))))
    (display-buffer-in-side-window buf '((side . right)))))

(use-package qrencode
  (with-eval-after-load 'embark
    (define-key embark-org-link-map (kbd "q") #'my-org-link-qr)))
Figure 1: Screenshot of QR code for the link at point
View org source for this post
This is part of my Emacs configuration.

2024-01-08 Emacs news

| emacs, emacs-news

Links from, r/orgmode, r/spacemacs, r/planetemacs, Hacker News,, kbin,, lemmy,,, YouTube, the Emacs NEWS file, Emacs Calendar, and emacs-devel. Thanks to Andrés Ramírez for emacs-devel links and thanks to people who e-mailed me things to add. Do you have an Emacs-related link or announcement? Please e-mail me at Thank you!

View org source for this post

Using an Emacs Lisp macro to define quick custom Org Mode links to project files; plus URLs and search

| org, emacs, coding
  • [2024-01-12 Fri] Added embark action to copy the exported link URL.
  • [2024-01-11 Thu] Switched to using Github links since Codeberg's down.
  • [2024-01-11 Thu] Updated my-copy-link to just return the link if called from Emacs Lisp. Fix getting the properties.
  • [2024-01-08 Mon] Add tip from Omar about embark-around-action-hooks
  • [2024-01-08 Mon] Simplify code by using consult--grep-position

Summary (882 words): Emacs macros make it easy to define sets of related functions for custom Org links. This makes it easier to link to projects and export or copy the links to the files in the web-based repos. You can also use that information to consult-ripgrep across lots of projects.

I'd like to get better at writing notes while coding and at turning those notes into blog posts and videos. I want to be able to link to files in projects easily with the ability to complete, follow, and export links. For example, [[subed:subed.el]] should become subed.el, which opens the file if I'm in Emacs and exports a link if I'm publishing a post. I've been making custom link types using org-link-set-parameters. I think it's time to make a macro that defines that set of functions for me. Emacs Lisp macros are a great way to write code to write code.

(defvar my-project-web-base-list nil "Local path . web repo URLs for easy linking.")

(defmacro my-org-project-link (type file-path git-url)
     (defun ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-complete" type)) ()
       ,(format "Complete a file from %s." type)
       (concat ,type ":" (completing-read "File: "
                                          (projectile-project-files ,file-path))))
     (defun ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-follow" type)) (link _)
       ,(format "Open a file from %s." type)
     (defun ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-export" type)) (link desc format _)
       "Export link to file."
       (setq desc (or desc link))
       (when ,git-url
         (setq link (concat ,git-url (replace-regexp-in-string "^/" "" link))))
       (pcase format
         ((or 'html '11ty) (format "<a href=\"%s\">%s</a>"
                                   (or desc link)))
         ('md (if desc (format "[%s](%s)" desc link)
                (format "<%s>" link)))
         ('latex (format "\\href{%s}{%s}" link desc))
         ('texinfo (format "@uref{%s,%s}" link desc))
         ('ascii (format "%s (%s)" desc link))
         (_ (format "%s (%s)" desc link))))
     (with-eval-after-load 'org
        :complete (quote ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-complete" type)))
        :export (quote ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-export" type)))
        :follow (quote ,(intern (format "my-org-%s-follow" type))))
       (cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name ,file-path) ,git-url)
                   :test 'equal))))

Then I can define projects this way:

(my-org-project-link "subed"
                     ;; ""
(my-org-project-link "emacsconf-el"
(my-org-project-link "subed-record"
                     ;; ""
(my-org-project-link "compile-media"
                     ;; ""
(my-org-project-link "ox-11ty"

And I can complete them with the usual C-c C-l (org-insert-link) process:

Figure 1: Completing a custom link with org-insert-link

Sketches are handled by my Org Mode sketch links, but we can add them anyway.

(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/sync/sketches/") "")
            :test 'equal)

I've been really liking being able to refer to various emacsconf-el files by just selecting the link type and completing the filename, so maybe it'll be easier to write about lots of other stuff if I extend that to my other projects.

Quickly search my code

Since my-project-web-base-list is a list of projects I often think about or write about, I can also make something that searches through them. That way, I don't have to care about where my code is.

(defun my-consult-ripgrep-code ()
  (consult-ripgrep (mapcar 'car my-project-web-base-list)))

I can add .rgignore files in directories to tell ripgrep to ignore things like node_modules or *.json.

I also want to search my Emacs configuration at the same time, although links to my config are handled by my dotemacs link type so I'll leave the URL as nil. This is also the way I can handle other unpublished directories.

(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/sync/emacs/") nil)
            :test 'equal)
(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/proj/static-blog/_includes") nil)
            :test 'equal)
(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/bin") nil)
            :test 'equal)

Actually, let's throw my blog posts and Org files in there as well, since I often have code snippets. If it gets to be too much, I can always have different commands search different things.

(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/proj/static-blog/blog/") "")
            :test 'equal)
(cl-pushnew (cons (expand-file-name "~/sync/orgzly") nil)
            :test 'equal)
Figure 2: Using my-consult-ripgrep-code

I don't have anything bound to M-s c (code) yet, so let's try that.

(keymap-global-set "M-s c" #'my-consult-ripgrep-code)

At some point, it might be fun to get Embark set up so that I can grab a link to something right from the consult-ripgrep interface. In the meantime, I can always jump to it and get the link.

Tip from Omar: embark-around-action-hooks

[2024-01-07 Sun] I modified oantolin's suggestion from the comments to work with consult-ripgrep, since consult-ripgrep gives me consult-grep targets instead of consult-location:

(cl-defun embark-consult--at-location (&rest args &key target type run &allow-other-keys)
  "RUN action at the target location."
        (pcase type
          ('consult-location (consult--jump (consult--get-location target)))
          ('org-heading (org-goto-marker-or-bmk (get-text-property 0 'org-marker target)))
          ('consult-grep (consult--jump (consult--grep-position target)))
          ('file (find-file target)))
        (apply run args)))))

(cl-pushnew #'embark-consult--at-location (alist-get 'org-store-link embark-around-action-hooks))

I think I can use it with M-s c to search for the code, then C-. C-c l on the matching line, where C-c l is my regular keybinding for storing links. Thanks, Omar!

In general, I don't want to have to think about where something is on my laptop or where it's published on the Web, I just want to

View org source for this post
This is part of my Emacs configuration.

EmacsConf backstage: making lots of intro videos with subed-record

| emacsconf, subed, emacs

Summary (735 words): Emacs is a handy audio/video editor. subed-record can combine multiple audio files and images to create multiple output videos.

Watch on YouTube

It's nice to feel like you're saying someone's name correctly. We ask EmacsConf speakers to introduce themselves in the first few seconds of their video, but people often forget to do that, so that's okay. We started recording introductions for EmacsConf 2022 so that stream hosts don't have to worry about figuring out pronunciation while they're live. Here's how I used subed-record to turn my recordings into lots of little videos.

First, I generated the title images by using Emacs Lisp to replace text in a template SVG and then using Inkscape to convert the SVG into a PNG. Each image showed information for the previous talk as well as the upcoming talk. (emacsconf-stream-generate-in-between-pages)

Figure 1: Sample title image

Then I generated the text for each talk based on the title, the speaker names, pronunciation notes, pronouns, and type of Q&A. Each introduction generally followed the pattern, "Next we have title by speakers. Details about Q&A." (emacsconf-pad-expand-intro and emacsconf-subed-intro-subtitles below)

00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:00.999
#+OUTPUT: sat-open.webm
Next, we have "Saturday opening remarks".

00:00:05.000 --> 00:00:04.999
#+OUTPUT: adventure.webm
Next, we have "An Org-Mode based text adventure game for learning the basics of Emacs, inside Emacs, written in Emacs Lisp", by Chung-hong Chan. He will answer questions via Etherpad.

I copied the text into an Org note in my inbox, which Syncthing copied over to the Orgzly Revived app on my Android phone. I used Google Recorder to record the audio. I exported the m4a audio file and a rough transcript, copied them back via Syncthing, and used subed-record to edit the audio into a clean audio file without oopses.

Each intro had a set of captions that started with a NOTE comment. The NOTE comment specified the following:

  • #+AUDIO:: the audio source to use for the timestamped captions that follow
  • [[file:...]]: the title image I generated for each talk. When subed-record-compile-video sees a comment with a link to an image, video, or animated GIF, it takes that visual and uses it for the span of time until the next visual.
  • #+OUTPUT: the file to create.
NOTE #+OUTPUT: hyperdrive.webm
#+AUDIO: intros-2023-11-21-cleaned.opus

00:00:15.680 --> 00:00:17.599
Next, we have "hyperdrive.el:

00:00:17.600 --> 00:00:21.879
Peer-to-peer filesystem in Emacs", by Joseph Turner

00:00:21.880 --> 00:00:25.279
and Protesilaos Stavrou (also known as Prot).

00:00:25.280 --> 00:00:27.979
Joseph will answer questions via BigBlueButton,

00:00:27.980 --> 00:00:31.080
and Prot might be able to join depending on the weather.

00:00:31.081 --> 00:00:33.439
You can join using the URL from the talk page

00:00:33.440 --> 00:00:36.320
or ask questions through Etherpad or IRC.

#+OUTPUT: steno.webm
#+AUDIO: intros-2023-11-19-cleaned.opus

00:03:23.260 --> 00:03:25.480
Next, we have "Programming with steno",

00:03:25.481 --> 00:03:27.700
by Daniel Alejandro Tapia.

#+AUDIO: intro-2023-11-29-cleaned.opus

00:00:13.620 --> 00:00:16.580
You can ask your questions via Etherpad and IRC.

00:00:16.581 --> 00:00:18.079
We'll send them to the speaker

00:00:18.080 --> 00:00:19.919
and post the answers in the talk page

00:00:19.920 --> 00:00:21.320
after the conference.

I could then call subed-record-compile-video to create the videos for all the intros, or mark a region with C-SPC and then subed-record-compile-video only the intros inside that region.

Sample intro

Using Emacs to edit the audio and compile videos worked out really well because it made it easy to change things.

  • Changing pronunciation or titles: For EmacsConf 2023, I got the recordings sorted out in time for the speakers to correct my pronunciation if they wanted to. Some speakers also changed their talk titles midway. If I wanted to redo an intro, I just had to rerecord that part, run it through my subed-record audio cleaning process, add an #+AUDIO: comment specifying which file I want to take the audio from, paste it into my main intros.vtt, and recompile the video.
  • Cancelling talks: One of the talks got cancelled, so I needed to update the images for the talk before it and the talk after it. I regenerated the title images and recompiled the videos. I didn't even need to figure out which talk needed to be updated - it was easy enough to just recompile all of them.
  • Changing type of Q&A: For example, some speakers needed to switch from answering questions live to answering them after the conference. I could just delete the old instructions, paste in the instructions from elsewhere in my intros.vtt (making sure to set #+AUDIO to the file if it came from a different take), and recompile the video.

And of course, all the videos were captioned. Bonus!

So that's how using Emacs to edit and compile simple videos saved me a lot of time. I don't know how I'd handle this otherwise. 47 video projects that might all need to be updated if, say, I changed the template? Yikes. Much better to work with text. Here are the technical details.

Generating the title images

I used Inkscape to add IDs to our template SVG so that I could edit them with Emacs Lisp. From emacsconf-stream.el:

emacsconf-stream-generate-in-between-pages: Generate the title images.
(defun emacsconf-stream-generate-in-between-pages (&optional info)
  "Generate the title images."
  (setq info (or emacsconf-schedule-draft (emacsconf-publish-prepare-for-display (emacsconf-filter-talks (or info (emacsconf-get-talk-info))))))
  (let* ((by-track (seq-group-by (lambda (o) (plist-get o :track)) info))
         (dir (expand-file-name "in-between" emacsconf-stream-asset-dir))
         (template (expand-file-name "template.svg" dir)))
    (unless (file-directory-p dir)
      (make-directory dir t))
    (mapc (lambda (track)
            (let (prev)
              (mapc (lambda (talk)
                      (let ((dom (xml-parse-file template)))
                        (mapc (lambda (entry)
                                (let ((prefix (car entry)))
                                  (emacsconf-stream-svg-set-text dom (concat prefix "title")
                                                 (plist-get (cdr entry) :title))
                                  (emacsconf-stream-svg-set-text dom (concat prefix "speakers")
                                                 (plist-get (cdr entry) :speakers))
                                  (emacsconf-stream-svg-set-text dom (concat prefix "url")
                                                 (and (cdr entry) (concat emacsconf-base-url (plist-get (cdr entry) :url))))
                                   (concat prefix "qa")
                                   (pcase (plist-get (cdr entry) :q-and-a)
                                     ((rx "live") "Live Q&A after talk")
                                     ((rx "pad") "Etherpad")
                                     ((rx "IRC") "IRC Q&A after talk")
                                     (_ "")))))
                              (list (cons "previous-" prev)
                                    (cons "current-" talk)))
                        (with-temp-file (expand-file-name (concat (plist-get talk :slug) ".svg") dir)
                          (dom-print dom))
                         (concat "inkscape --export-type=png -w 1280 -h 720 --export-background-opacity=0 "
                                 (shell-quote-argument (expand-file-name (concat (plist-get talk :slug) ".svg")
                      (setq prev talk))
                    (emacsconf-filter-talks (cdr track)))))

emacsconf-stream-svg-set-text: Update DOM to set the tspan in the element with ID to TEXT.
(defun emacsconf-stream-svg-set-text (dom id text)
  "Update DOM to set the tspan in the element with ID to TEXT.
If the element doesn't have a tspan child, use the element itself."
  (if (or (null text) (string= text ""))
      (let ((node (dom-by-id dom id)))
        (when node
          (dom-set-attribute node 'style "visibility: hidden")
          (dom-set-attribute (dom-child-by-tag node 'tspan) 'style "fill: none; stroke: none")))
    (setq text (svg--encode-text text))
    (let ((node (or (dom-child-by-tag
                     (car (dom-by-id dom id))
                    (dom-by-id dom id))))
       ((null node)
        (error "Could not find node %s" id))                      ; skip
       ((= (length node) 2)
        (nconc node (list text)))
       (t (setf (elt node 2) text))))))

Generating the script

From emacsconf-pad.el:

emacsconf-pad-expand-intro: Make an intro for TALK.
(defun emacsconf-pad-expand-intro (talk)
  "Make an intro for TALK."
   ((null (plist-get talk :speakers))
    (format "Next, we have \"%s\"." (plist-get talk :title)))
   ((plist-get talk :intro-note)
    (plist-get talk :intro-note))
    (let ((pronoun (pcase (plist-get talk :pronouns)
                     ((rx "she") "She")
                     ((rx "\"ou\"" "Ou"))
                     ((or 'nil "nil" (rx string-start "he") (rx "him")) "He")
                     ((rx "they") "They")
                     (_ (or (plist-get talk :pronouns) "")))))
      (format "Next, we have \"%s\", by %s%s.%s"
              (plist-get talk :title)
              (replace-regexp-in-string ", \\([^,]+\\)$"
                                        ", and \\1"
                                        (plist-get talk :speakers))
              (emacsconf-surround " (" (plist-get talk :pronunciation) ")" "")
              (pcase (plist-get talk :q-and-a)
                ((or 'nil "") "")
                ((rx "after") " You can ask questions via Etherpad and IRC. We'll send them to the speaker, and we'll post the answers on the talk page afterwards.")
                ((rx "live")
                 (format " %s will answer questions via BigBlueButton. You can join using the URL from the talk page or ask questions through Etherpad or IRC."
                ((rx "pad")
                 (format " %s will answer questions via Etherpad."
                ((rx "IRC")
                 (format " %s will answer questions via IRC in the #%s channel."
                         (plist-get talk :channel)))))))))

And from emacsconf-subed.el:

emacsconf-subed-intro-subtitles: Create the introduction as subtitles.
(defun emacsconf-subed-intro-subtitles ()
  "Create the introduction as subtitles."
  (let ((emacsconf-publishing-phase 'conference))
     (lambda (sub) (apply #'subed-append-subtitle nil (cdr sub)))
      (lambda (talk i)
         (* i 5000)
         (1- (* i 5000))
         (format "#+OUTPUT: %s.webm\n[[file:%s]]\n%s"
                 (plist-get talk :slug)
                  (concat (plist-get talk :slug) ".svg.png")
                  (expand-file-name "in-between" emacsconf-stream-asset-dir))
                 (emacsconf-pad-expand-intro talk))))
      (emacsconf-publish-prepare-for-display (emacsconf-get-talk-info))))))

View org source for this post

Quick notes on livestreaming to YouTube with FFmpeg on a Lenovo X230T

| video, youtube, streaming, ffmpeg, yay-emacs

[2024-01-05 Fri]: Updated scripts

Text from the sketch

Quick thoughts on livestreaming


  • work out loud
  • share tips
  • share more
  • spark conversations
  • (also get questions about things)

Doable with ffmpeg on my X230T:

  • streaming from my laptop
  • lapel mic + system audio,
  • second screen for monitoring

Ideas for next time:

  • Overall notes in Emacs with outline, org-timer timestamped notes; capture to this file
  • Elisp to start/stop the stream → find old code
  • Use the Yeti? Better sound
  • tee to a local recording
  • grab screenshot from SuperNote mirror?

Live streaming info density:

  • High: Emacs News review, package/workflow demo
  • Narrating a blog post to make it a video
  • Categorizing Emacs News, exploring packages
  • Low: Figuring things out

YouTube can do closed captions for livestreams, although accuracy is low. Videos take a while to be ready to download.

Experimenting with working out loud

I wanted to write a report on EmacsConf 2023 so that we could share it with speakers, volunteers, participants, donors, related organizations like the Free Software Foundation, and other communities. I experimented with livestreaming via YouTube while I worked on the conference highlights.

It's a little over an hour long and probably very boring, but it was nice of people to drop by and say hello.

The main parts are:

  • 0:00: reading through other conference reports for inspiration
  • 6:54: writing an overview of the talks
  • 13:10: adding quotes for specific talks
  • 25:00: writing about the overall conference
  • 32:00: squeezing in more highlights
  • 49:00: fiddling with the formatting and the export

It mostly worked out, aside from a brief moment of "uhhh, I'm looking at our private file on stream". Fortunately, the e-mail addresses that were showed were the public ones.

Technical details


  • I set up environment variables and screen resolution:

      # From pacmd list-sources | egrep '^\s+name'
      LAPEL=alsa_input.usb-Jieli_Technology_USB_Composite_Device_433035383239312E-00.mono-fallback #
      # MIC=$LAPEL
      # AUDIO_WEIGHTS="1 1"
      AUDIO_WEIGHTS="0.5 0.5"
      SCREEN=LVDS-1  # from xrandr
      xrandr --output $SCREEN --mode 1280x720
  • I switch to a larger size and a light theme. I also turn consult previews off to minimize the risk of leaking data through buffer previews.
    my-emacsconf-prepare-for-screenshots: Set the resolution, change to a light theme, and make the text bigger.
    (defun my-emacsconf-prepare-for-screenshots ()
      (shell-command "xrandr --output LVDS-1 --mode 1280x720")
      (modus-themes-load-theme 'modus-operandi)
      (set-face-attribute 'default nil :height 170)


ffmpeg -f x11grab -video_size $SIZE -i :0.0$OFFSET -y /tmp/test.png; display /tmp/test.png
ffmpeg -f pulse -i $MIC -f pulse -i $SYSTEM -filter_complex amix=inputs=2:weights=$AUDIO_WEIGHTS:duration=longest:normalize=0 -y /tmp/test.mp3; mpv /tmp/test.mp3
DATE=$(date "+%Y-%m-%d-%H-%M-%S")
ffmpeg -f x11grab -framerate 30 -video_size $SIZE -i :0.0$OFFSET -f pulse -i $MIC -f pulse -i $SYSTEM -filter_complex "amix=inputs=2:weights=$AUDIO_WEIGHTS:duration=longest:normalize=0" -c:v libx264 -preset fast -maxrate 690k -bufsize 2000k -g 60 -vf format=yuv420p -c:a aac -b:a 96k -y -flags +global_header "/home/sacha/recordings/$DATE.flv" -f flv


DATE=$(date "+%Y-%m-%d-%H-%M-%S")
ffmpeg -f x11grab -framerate 30 -video_size $SIZE -i :0.0$OFFSET -f pulse -i $MIC -f pulse -i $SYSTEM -filter_complex "amix=inputs=2:weights=$AUDIO_WEIGHTS:duration=longest:normalize=0[audio]" -c:v libx264 -preset fast -maxrate 690k -bufsize 2000k -g 60 -vf format=yuv420p -c:a aac -b:a 96k -y -f tee -map 0:v -map '[audio]' -flags +global_header  "/home/sacha/recordings/$DATE.flv|[f=flv]rtmp://$YOUTUBE_KEY"

To restore my previous setup:

my-emacsconf-back-to-normal: Go back to a more regular setup.
(defun my-emacsconf-back-to-normal ()
  (shell-command "xrandr --output LVDS-1 --mode 1366x768")
  (modus-themes-load-theme 'modus-vivendi)
  (set-face-attribute 'default nil :height 115)
  (keycast-mode -1))

Ideas for next steps

I can think of a few workflow tweaks that might be fun:

  • a stream notes buffer on the right side of the screen for context information, timestamped notes to make editing/review easier (maybe using org-timer), etc. I experimented with some streaming-related code in my config, so I can dust that off and see what that's like. I also want to have an org-capture template for it so that I can add notes from anywhere.
  • a quick way to add a screenshot from my Supernote to my Org files

I think I'll try going through an informal presentation or Emacs News as my next livestream experiment, since that's probably higher information density.

View org source for this post